Brief Opioid Drugs Review

types of opioids

Prescription opioids are a type of drug used to manage pain. They include Oxycontin, Vicodin and morphine among others. Some people might think prescription opioids are safer than alcohol or illegal drugs, but the truth is they carry serious risks and side effects. In fact, anyone can become addicted to prescription opioids even when prescribed by a doctor.

Abusing or misusing opioids can result in loss of control. It can affect your ability to keep a job and maintain healthy relationships. It can even lead to overdose and death.

Prescription opioids can have a number of side effects even when taken as directed. Some of those include physical dependence, increased sensitivity to pain, constipation, nausea, confusion and depression.

You can make informed decisions about your pain management, talk to your doctor about non-opioid options like ibuprofen or acetaminophen, antidepressants, exercise and other therapies. If your doctor prescribes opioids, ask how long you'll need to take the medicine and how you'll know when its time to stop.

Take only the amount prescribed. Talk to your doctor about all of your medication you are using apart of opioids. It is very dangerous to combine opioids with certain other drugs. Talk to your doctor about all of your concerns.

Pain medication opioids can be divided into weak opioids and strong opioids. Weak opioids are things like codeine, dihydrocodeine, tramadol, tapentadol. The strong opioids are essentially morphine like drugs. So the gold standard is morphine itself.

Types of opioids

There are also other preparations, things like oxycodone, which is synthetic morphine. There are also buprenorphine, methadone, fentanyl as well.

Most of the week opioids come as capsules and tablets. The strong opioids also come as capsules and tablets. The are often immediate release and modified release preparations.

With the strong opioids, theres also other preparations, for example, liquids and patches. Fentanyl and buprenorphine patches are used quite often being both very strong opioid analgesic medications. They are more potent than morphine, but they are formulated in a patch in such a way that when they are applied to the skin, they can be put on for anything from three to seven days, depending on the preparation. That is why a very small amount of the medication, basically, is absorbed into the body. It allows a constant sort of 24-hour amount of the medication to be delivered to the patients and gives them constant pain relief.